Comprehensive Eye Exam
The purpose of the comprehensive eye examination is to detect and diagnose abnormalties and diseases. This procedure includes an external and intraocular examination. Having an exam is important not only to determine if you are near or farsighted, but to screen for glaucoma, and detect for other ocular diseases which can occur at any age.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can lead to damage of the optic nerve and result in blindness. Open angle glaucoma, the most common form of glaucoma, affects about 3 millions Americans - half of whom don't know they have it. It has no symptoms at first. However, over the years, it can steal your sight. With early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss and blindness.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye's lens that can cause vision problems. The most common type is related to aging. More than half of all Americans age 65 and older have a cataract. In the early stages, stronger lighting and eyeglasses may lesson vision problems caused by cataracts. At a certain point, however, surgery may be needed to improve vision. Today, cataract surgery is safe and very effective.
External Eye Diseases
Blepharitis: Inflammation of the eyelids. May be caused by irritants, allergies or infection.
Chalazion:Inflammation and swelling of one or more of the meibomian glands (oil glands of the lid margins).
Conjunctivitis:Inflammation of the conjunctiva (thin transparent skin covering the white of the eye and the inside of the eyelid).
Dry Eye Syndrome:Some people do not produce enough tears to keep the eye comfortable. This is known as dry eye. Symptoms may include: stinging, burning, scratchiness, excess tearing and stringy mucus in or around the eyes.
Keratitis:Inflammation of the cornea (the front clear part of the eye). Infections and/or chemical irritants can cause this disease.